In Windows 10, you can use the Event Viewer to troubleshoot hardware and software issues–but doing so takes time and knowledge of what you’re looking at. Fortunately, Windows 10 includes another tool, System Diagnostic Report, as part of the Performance Monitor. It can show the status of your computer’s hardware resources, system response times, and processes, as well as system information and configuration data. The System Diagnostic Report has a neat trick in that you can use it to gather troubleshooting information while the problem is occurring.

Windows System Diagnostic Tools

There are several methods for creating system diagnostics reports in Windows 10. In addition to built-in Windows options, many hardware manufacturers provide troubleshooting tools, and third-party apps are available for diagnosing computer hardware issues.

How Do I Run a Diagnostic Test on My Computer?

If you can’t figure out what’s wrong with your computer, use the Windows Troubleshooter:

  1. Go to Settings > Update & Security > Troubleshoot in Windows 10.
  2. Select a troubleshooter for your issue. Bluetooth, Keyboard, Windows Update, and Internet Connections are all options.
How to Use Diagnostics Tool on Windows PC

If the troubleshooter discovers a problem, it will advise you on how to resolve it. You might be able to solve the problem by repairing Windows automatically.

How to Use the Memory Diagnostic Tool in Windows

If your computer programs keep lagging or freezing, you may have a RAM issue. Running Windows Memory Diagnostic is your best bet:

1. Open Windows Search and enter Windows Memory Diagnostic. Select the app to open it.

2. Select Restart now and check for problems or Check for problems the next time I restart my computer. When your PC restarts, the Windows Memory tool will scan your computer.

3. After a few minutes, your PC will boot as normal. Review the results in the Event Viewer. If the troubleshooter finds any problems, take action to free up memory.

Windows Reliability and Performance Monitor

The Reliability Monitor is a hidden tool that has been available since Windows Vista, but many people are unaware of its existence. It’s under System & Security > Security & Maintenance > Maintenance > View reliability history in the Control Panel.

You’ll see a history of your system here, as well as a timeline of events and errors that occurred during a specific period. The blue line represents an estimate of how stable your system is overtime on a scale of 1 to 10.

If something is frequently crashing, this is a good place to look because you can select the error and search for a solution.

We hope you find these resources useful. Will you require all of them? No, most likely not. Pick the ones that seem valuable to you and disregard the rest, at least for the time being.

You can always bookmark this page and return to it if you run into a problem you’ve never seen before. Just remember to restart your computer before you begin troubleshooting.